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Declaring constant in php


 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

It is possible to define constant values on a per-class basis remaining the same and unchangeable. Constants differ from normal variables in that you don’t use the $ symbol to declare or use them.

The value must be a constant expression, not (for example) a variable, a property, a result of a mathematical operation, or a function call.

It’s also possible for interfaces to have constants. Look at the interface documentation for examples.

As of PHP 5.3.0, it’s possible to reference the class using a variable. The variable’s value can not be a keyword (e.g.self, parent and static).

Example #1 Defining and using a constant

<?php
class MyClass
{
const CONSTANT = 'constant value';
function showConstant() {

echo  self::CONSTANT . “\n”;
}
}echo MyClass::CONSTANT . “\n”;

$classname = “MyClass”;
echo $classname::CONSTANT . “\n”; // As of PHP 5.3.0

$class = new MyClass();
$class->showConstant();

echo $class::CONSTANT.”\n”; // As of PHP 5.3.0
?>

Example #2 Static data example

<?php
class foo {
// As of PHP 5.3.0
const BAR = <<<'EOT'
bar
EOT;
}
?>

Unlike heredocs, nowdocs can be used in any static data context.

Note:

Nowdoc support was added in PHP 5.3.0.

Example #3 Constant expression example

<?php
const ONE = 1;
class foo {

// As of PHP 5.6.0
const TWO = ONE * 2;
const THREE = ONE + self::TWO;
const SENTENCE = ‘The value of THREE is ‘.self::THREE;
}
?>

It is possible to provide a scalar expression involving numeric and string literals and/or constants in context of a class constant.

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